March 2016 - Hōjicha from Kyōto
This month we selected a Hōjicha (焙じ茶) from Kyōto (京都). I personally often buy this tea which is my favorite. So I am very happy to introduce it this time!
Do you remember the Bōcha (棒茶) of Kaga that we sent you in November 2015? The Hōjicha (焙じ茶) that we selected this month is a similar tea. These two teas are roasted, especially using the stalks of tea. We call the Hōjicha of Kaga “Bōcha”, which means tea (茶) of stalk (棒). On the other hand we call the Hōjicha of Kyōto “Karigane (雁が音)”, which means “song (音) of a wild goose (雁)”. Why?
Once upon a time there were gooses in the northland. As they were migratory, they moved to the warm land during the winter, crossing the sea. When they took a rest at sea, they used a twig to perch. However, most of gooses died in the foreign land before returning to their homeland in spring, leaving twigs on the beach. The stalks of tea reminded the ancient inhabitants of Kyōto of the twigs which lost their master. They were romantic, even though there is no sea in Kyōto!
This Hōjicha has a roasted flavor, not strong but distinct and a rich sweetness. Despite the roasting it still has an herbal scent. We say the scent of roasted tea, such as Hōjicha, has three times the healing effect of other green teas such as Sencha.
First tea plantation, Kōzan-ji, Kyōto
There is a temple, called Kōzan-ji (高山寺) in Kyōto. A monk named Myōe Shōnin (明恵上人) planted seeds of tea from China in the garden of this temple in the 13th century. That is the origin of tea plantations in Japan. We still have tea harvests there every year.
The first Manga, called “Chōjū-giga (鳥獣戯画)” was also born in this temple. This manga consists of 4 tomes and represents the daily life and life style of the area using animals as characters, like frogs and rabbits.
The tea producer is Ryuouen Chaho, who is famous for Hōjicha and especially Matcha which the three biggest schools of tea ceremony in Japan select. Ryuouen Chaho uses “Chōjū-giga” on the label of its Hōjicha.
The amount of leaves should be adapted according to the desired taste: it should be around 2 heaping teaspoons (6 grams) of Houjicha for 260ml (8.8oz) of spring water. The infusion should last 20-30 seconds in water at 90-100ºC (194-212ºF).
We can also make Hojicha Latte. For one person, prepare 4g of Hojicha in a sachet, 150ml (5.1oz) of hot water, 200ml (6.8oz) of hot milk and 2 pcs of sugar or gomme syrup. Make dense Houjicha in 150ml of hot water, put sugar and pour 200ml of hot milk. Et voilà, it's done!
If you have questions about Japanese green teas, please do not hesitate to contact us!